Exampro GCSE Physics. P3 Foundation - Transformers and Fields Self Study Questions. Name: Class: Author: Date: Time: 91. Marks: PDF

Please download to get full document.

View again

of 34
All materials on our website are shared by users. If you have any questions about copyright issues, please report us to resolve them. We are always happy to assist you.
Information Report
Category:

Film

Published:

Views: 5 | Pages: 34

Extension: PDF | Download: 0

Share
Related documents
Description
Exampro GCSE Physics P3 Foundation - Transformers and Fields Self Study Questions Name: Class: Author: Date: Time: 9 Marks: 9 Comments: Page of 34 Q. (a) In this question you will be assessed on using
Transcript
Exampro GCSE Physics P3 Foundation - Transformers and Fields Self Study Questions Name: Class: Author: Date: Time: 9 Marks: 9 Comments: Page of 34 Q. (a) In this question you will be assessed on using good English, organising information clearly and using specialist terms where appropriate. There are two types of traditional transformer; step-up and step-down. Describe the similarities and differences between a step-up transformer and a step-down transformer. You should include details of: construction, including materials used the effect the transformer has on the input potential difference (p.d.). You should not draw a diagram. Extra space... (6) Page 2 of 34 The figure below shows a mobile phone and charger. Mobile phone chargers use a different type of transformer, which is smaller and lighter than a traditional transformer. What name is given to the type of transformer used in a mobile phone charger? () (Total 7 marks) Q2. A student is investigating the strength of electromagnets. Figure shows three electromagnets. The student hung a line of paper clips from each electromagnet. Figure Electromagnet A Electromagnet B Electromagnet C No more paper clips can be hung from the bottom of each line of paper clips. (a) (i) Complete the conclusion that the student should make from this investigation. Increasing the number of turns of wire wrapped around the nail will... the strength of the electromagnet. () Page 3 of 34 (ii) Which two pairs of electromagnets should be compared to make this conclusion? Pair : Electromagnets... and... Pair 2: Electromagnets... and... () (iii) Suggest two variables that the student should control in this investigation (2) The cell in electromagnet A is swapped around to make the current flow in the opposite direction. This is shown in Figure 2. Figure 2 What is the maximum number of paper clips that can now be hung in a line from this electromagnet? Draw a ring around the correct answer. Give one reason for your answer. fewer than 4 4 more than 4 (2) (c) Electromagnet A is changed to have only 0 turns of wire wrapped around the nail. Suggest the maximum number of paper clips that could be hung in a line from the end of this electromagnet. Maximum number of paper clips =... () (Total 7 marks) Page 4 of 34 Q3. The diagram shows the apparatus used by a student to investigate a transformer. (a) The transformer made by the student would not have worked if the core had been made from aluminium and not iron. Why? () The student made changes to the number of turns used to make the secondary coil. He then measured the potential difference across the secondary coil after each change. The graph shows the student s results. (i) What range of values was used for the number of turns on the secondary coil? From... to... () (ii) When he drew the line of best fit, the student ignored one of the data points. Why? () Page 5 of 34 (iii) What is the minimum number of turns needed on the secondary coil for the transformer to act as a step-up transformer?... Give a reason for your answer. (2) (c) A radio can be used with a 9 V battery or it can be plugged into the 230 V mains electricity supply using an adapter. The mains adapter contains a transformer. Why must the mains adapter contain a transformer? () (Total 6 marks) Q4. (a) The diagram shows the structure of a traditional transformer. Use words from the box to label the diagram. aluminium brass iron large primary secondary (3) Page 6 of 34 Batteries inside laptop computers are charged using laptop chargers. The laptop charger contains a traditional transformer. The laptop charger contains a step-down transformer. What does a step-down transformer do? () (c) The transformer used in a modern mobile phone charger is a switch mode transformer. This is different to the traditional transformer used in the laptop charger. Give one advantage of using a switch mode transformer, rather than a traditional transformer. () Page 7 of 34 (d) Laptop batteries and mobile phone batteries can only be recharged a limited number of times. When a battery cannot be recharged, it is better to recycle the battery than to throw it away. Draw a ring around the correct answer to complete the sentence. an environmental (iii) The batteries are recycled mainly due to a political consideration. a social () (Total 6 marks) Q5. The diagram shows a USB power adapter which plugs into a 230 V a.c. mains socket. The adapter contains a small step-down transformer. (a) The core of the transformer is made of laminated soft iron. Why is iron used? () The coils of the transformers are made of insulated copper wire. Why is the wire insulated? () Page 8 of 34 (c) There are 500 turns on one coil of the transformer and turns on the other coil. Use the equation in the box to calculate the p.d. across the secondary coil. Show clearly how you work out your answer and give the unit. p.d. across the secondary =... (3) (Total 5 marks) Q6. The diagram shows a G-machine. The G-machine is used in astronaut training. The G-machine moves the astronaut in a horizontal circle. (a) In which direction, A, B or C, does the centripetal force on the astronaut act? Write your answer in the box. () Page 9 of 34 The centripetal force on the astronaut is measured. Graph X shows how the centripetal force is affected by the speed of rotation. The radius of rotation is kept the same. Speed of rotation in metres per second (i) Use Graph X to determine the centripetal force on the astronaut when rotating at a speed of 30 metres per second. Centripetal force =... newtons () (ii) Complete the following sentence to give the conclusion that can be made from Graph X. Increasing the speed of rotation of a G-machine will... the centripetal force on the astronaut. () Page 0 of 34 (iii) Graph Y shows how the centripetal force is affected by the radius of rotation, when the speed of rotation is kept the same. Radius of rotation in metres Complete the following sentence to give the conclusion that can be made from Graph Y. The greater the radius of rotation, the... the centripetal force on the astronaut. () Page of 34 (c) The G-machine is rotated by an electric motor. The diagram shows a simple electric motor. The following statements explain how the motor creates a turning force. The statements are in the wrong order. M The magnetic field interacts with the magnetic field of the permanent magnets. N A magnetic field is created around the coil. O The power supply applies a potential difference across the coil. P This creates a force that makes the coil spin. Q A current flows through the coil. Arrange the statements in the correct order. Two of them have been done for you. (2) (d) The electric motor produces a turning force. Give two ways of increasing the turning force (2) Page 2 of 34 (e) Draw a ring around the correct answer to complete the sentence. It costs a lot of money to send astronauts into space. an economic This is an environmental issue. a social () (Total 9 marks) Q7. The diagram shows the equipment used by a student to investigate the strength of five different electromagnets. The stronger the electromagnet, the more paper clips it will hold. (a) Why is it important that the paper clips used in the investigation are all the same size? () The five electromagnets, J, K, L, M and N, used by the student are shown below. Each electromagnet was made by wrapping lengths of insulated wire around identical iron nails. The student wants to find out how the strength of an electromagnet depends on the number of turns of wire in the coil. Which electromagnets should the student compare in order to do this? () Page 3 of 34 (c) The student concluded: The strength of an electromagnet is always directly proportional to the number of turns on the coil. (i) Explain how the data from the investigation supports the student s conclusion. (2) (ii) The student makes one more electromagnet by winding 00 turns onto a nail. Before testing the electromagnet, the student predicted the number of paper clips that the electromagnet would hold when the current is amp. How many paper clips should the student predict that the electromagnet would hold? Show clearly how you work out your answer. number of paper clips =... (2) (iii) When the student tested the electromagnet it held 20 paper clips. This is not what the student predicted. Explain what the student should do when new data does not seem to support the prediction that was made. (3) (Total 9 marks) Page 4 of 34 Q8. (a) The diagram shows a simple transformer made by a student. The student has designed the transformer to light a 3.0 V lamp using a.0 V power supply. (i) What name is given to the part of the transformer that is made of iron? Draw a ring around your answer. centre connector core () (ii) When the power supply is switched on, the lamp is not very bright. Suggest one change that the student can make to increase the brightness of the lamp. The.0 V power supply cannot be changed. () The diagram shows part of the National Grid system. The transformers, J, K, L and M, are an essential part of the system. (i) Which transformer, J, K, L or M, is a step-up transformer? Write your answer in the box. () Page 5 of 34 (ii) Some scientists claim to have found evidence to suggest that children living near to overhead power lines are more likely to develop leukaemia. However, the scientists are not sure that the power lines are the cause of the problem. The evidence from this and other investigations may worry some people. What do you think scientists should do? Put a tick ( ) in the box next to your answer. Scientists should always publish the evidence from investigations immediately. Scientists should ignore any evidence from investigations that may worry people. Scientists should publish the evidence from an investigation only when they have found out as many facts as possible. () (Total 4 marks) Q9. (a) The basic structure of a transformer is a primary coil of insulated wire, an iron core and a secondary coil of insulated wire. (i) Why is the core made of iron? () Page 6 of 34 (ii) Explain how a transformer works (4) A small step-down transformer is used in the charger for an electric screwdriver. The input to the transformer is 230 V a.c. mains supply and the output is 5.75 V a.c. There are 3200 turns on the primary coil. Use the equation in the box to calculate the number of turns on the transformer s secondary coil. Show clearly how you work out your answer Number of turns =... (2) (Total 7 marks) Page 7 of 34 Q0. A student investigates the electromagnetic force acting on a wire which carries an electric current. The wire is in a magnetic field. The diagram shows the circuit which the student uses. (a) Draw an X on the diagram, with the centre of the X in the most strongest part of the magnetic field. () Give one change that she can make to the magnets to decrease the electromagnetic force on the wire. () (c) The student wants to change the electromagnetic force on the wire without changing the magnets or moving their position. (i) Give one way in which she can increase the electromagnetic force. () (ii) Give one way in which she can reverse the direction of the electromagnetic force. () (Total 4 marks) Page 8 of 34 Q. (a) Name a material that could be used to make the outside case of the plug.... Give a reason for your choice (2) To gain full marks in this question you should write your ideas in good English. Put them into a sensible order and use the correct scientific words. Some electrical circuits are protected by a circuit breaker. These switch the circuit off if a fault causes a larger than normal current to flow. The diagram shows one type of circuit breaker. A normal current (5 A) is flowing. Source: adapted from V. PRUDEN and K. HIRST, AQA GCSE Sceince Reproduced by permission of Hodder and Soughton Educational Ltd Page 9 of 34 Explain what happens when a current larger than 5A flows. The answer has been started for you. When the current goes above 5 A, the electromagnet becomes stronger and (3) (Total 5 marks) Q2. A teacher demonstrates a small transformer. (a) (i) What is the core made of? Draw a ring around the correct word in the box. aluminium copper iron () (ii) The potential difference (p.d.) across the secondary coil is less than the p.d. across the primary coil. What sort of transformer is it? () Where is a step-up transformer used as part of the National Grid? () Page 20 of 34 (c) The teacher writes a note about the transformer but leaves five spaces. Use the correct words from the box to complete the spaces. coil core current ends field wire A transformer works because an alternating... in the primary... produces a changing magnetic... in the... and then in the secondary coil. This induces an alternating potential difference across the... of the secondary coil. (5) (Total 8 marks) Q3. The diagram below shows a door lock which can be opened from a flat inside a building. (a) Explain how the door is unlocked when the switch is closed (4) Page 2 of 34 State two changes which would increase the strength of the electromagnet (2) (c) Why is the spring needed in the lock? () (d) The connections to the coil were accidentally reversed. Would the lock still work?... Explain your answer (2) (Total 9 marks) Q4. When a conductor carrying an electric current is placed in a magnetic field a force may act on it. (a) State two ways in which this force can be increased (2) Page 22 of 34 State two ways in which this force can be made to act in the opposite direction (2) (c) In what circumstance will no force act on a conductor carrying an electric current and in a magnetic field? () (Total 5 marks) Show clearly how you work out your answer Kinetic energy =... J (2) (Total 7 marks) Page 23 of 34 M. (a) Marks awarded for this answer will be determined by the Quality of Written Communication (QWC) as well as the standard of the scientific response. Examiners should also apply a best-fit approach to the marking. 0 marks No relevant / correct content. Level ( 2 marks) Either there is an attempt at a description of the construction of a transformer or a correct statement of the effect of one type of transformer on the input p.d. Level 2 (3 4 marks) There is a description of the construction of a transformer and a correct statement of the effect of one type of transformer on the input p.d. Level 3 (5 6 marks) There is a clear description of the construction of a transformer and there is a correct description of how transformers affect the input p.d. details of construction: a (laminated) core extra information core is made from a magnetic material / iron 2 coils the coils are made from an electrical conductor / copper the coils are covered in plastic / insulation the coils are (usually) on opposite sides step-up transformer has more turns on secondary coil than (its) primary (or vice versa) step-down transformer has fewer turns on secondary coil than (its) primary (or vice versa) effect on input p.d. : step-up transformer, the output p.d. is greater (than the input p.d.) accept voltage for p.d. step-down transformer, the output p.d. is lower (than the input p.d.) 6 switch mode (transformer) [7] Page 24 of 34 M2. (a) (i) increase (ii) 4 (iii) A and B and B and C both required for the mark either order any two from: size of nail or nail material allow (same) nail current allow (same) cell allow p.d. same amount of electricity is insufficient (size of) paper clip length of wire accept type / thickness of wire 2 B picks up the same number as C, so this electromagnet would pick up the same number as A or direction of current does not affect the strength of the electromagnet allow it has got the same number of turns as A (c) 2 allow or 3 [7] M3. (a) aluminium cannot be magnetised accept aluminium is not magnetic it refers to aluminium do not accept aluminium is not easily magnetised reference to conduction and aluminium negates mark iron can be magnetised is insufficient (i) 0 to 50 either order Page 25 of 34 (ii) (data is) anomalous accept does not fit the pattern it is an error is insufficient (iii) 2 accept 22 do not accept any fraction of a turn ie 20. secondary p.d. (just) larger than primary p.d. accept output (just) larger than input/2v or there must be more turns on the secondary coil than primary coil do not accept coil for turns (c) to reduce/step-down the (input) p.d./voltage mains p.d. is too high is insufficient step-down transformer is insufficient answers in terms of changing/ stepping-up current or fuse blowing or not working with 230 volts are insufficient any mention of step-up negates mark stepping down both voltage/p.d. and current negates mark [6] M4. (a) iron correct positions only primary secondary (it) decreases the p.d. accept it would increase current accept voltage for p.d. the voltage goes from 230(V) to 20(V) is insufficient do not accept decreases current / energy / power do not accept decreases p.d. / voltage and current Page 26 of 34 (c) any one from: lighter accept it is easier to carry around smaller use (very) little power / current / energy when switched on and no load / phone not connected accept no power / current / energy is drawn do not accept electricity for power / current / energy more efficient accept does not get as hot or less heat produced (d) an environmental [6] M5. (a) (it is) magnetic or will carry (an alternating) magnetic field or magnetises and demagnetises (easily) reference to conduction negates the mark so the current / electricity does not flow through the iron / core accept so the current / electricity / wires do not short (circuit) responses in terms of heat insulation negate the mark ignore references to safety (c) 5.75 or 5.8 or 6(.0) allow for mark either or p.d. = V / volt(s) [5] M6. (a) A (i) 9000 an answer of 9 k(n) gains mark Page 27 of 34 (ii) increase accept other comparative terms, eg give a bigger affect / change is insufficient (iii) smaller accept other comparative terms, eg less (c) Q N M all three in correct boxes one statement in correct box gains mark 2 (d) any two from: increase the current / p.d. (supplied to the coil) accept reduce the resistance of the coil or increase cross sectional area of wire accept more cells / batteries or turn up the power supply increase power is insufficient increase number of turns (on the coil) increase the area (of the coil) accept increase the width of the coil increase width / size is insufficient increase the (strength of the permanent) magnetic field accept move the magnets closer to the coil accept use stronger magnets do not accept use larger magnets 2 (e) an economic [9] M7. (a) so the results can be compared fairly fair test is insufficient J L M all 3 required and no other (c) (i) for a given current the number of paper clips increases by the same factor as the number of turns plus a mathematical explanation using the data eg a current of A with 0 turns picks up 3 clips, a current of A with 20 turns picks up 6 clips Page 28 of 34 (ii) 30 allow mark for showing correct use of figures eg 20 turns 5 = 00 turns 2 (iii) check the new data / repeat the experiment to identify any anomalous results then reconsider prediction / hypothesis in the light of new evidence [9] M8. (a) (i) core (ii) increase number of turns on secondary (coil) do not accept coils for turns or reduce number of turns on primary (coil) (i) J (ii) Scientists should publish the evidence from an investigation only when they have found out as many facts as possible [4] M9. (a) (i) (quickly) becomes magnetized or (quickly) loses its magnetism or it s (a) magnetic (material) any reference to conduction of electricity/heat nullifies the mark Page 29 of 34 (ii) any four from: insulation prevents electricity/current flowing through the iron/core or insulation so electricity/current only flows in the wires/turns/coils alternating current/a.c. in the primary (coil) produces a changing magnetic field (in the iron/core) (and hence magnetic
Recommended
View more...
We Need Your Support
Thank you for visiting our website and your interest in our free products and services. We are nonprofit website to share and download documents. To the running of this website, we need your help to support us.

Thanks to everyone for your continued support.

No, Thanks