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1 Student: ___________________________________________________________________________ 1. Feeling for swollen lymph nodes is an example of auscultation. True False 2. We can see through bones with magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). True False 3. Histology is the study of structures that can be observed without a magnifying lens. Tr
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  1 Student: ___________________________________________________________________________ 1.Feeling for swollen lymph nodes is an example of auscultation. True False   2.We can see through bones with magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). True False   3.Histology is the study of structures that can be observed without a magnifying lens. True False   4.Cells were first named by microscopist Robert Hooke. True False   5.All functions of the body can be interpreted as the effects of cellular activity. True False   6.The hypothetico-deductive method   is common in physiology, whereas the inductive   method   is common in anatomy. True False   7.An individual scientific fact has more information than a theory. True False   8.Evolutionary (darwinian) medicine traces some of our diseases to our evolutionary past. True False   9.The terms development and evolution have the same meaning in physiology. True False   10.Organs are made of tissues. True False   11.A molecule of water is more complex than a mitochondrion (organelle). True False   12.Homeostasis and occupying space are both unique characteristics of living things. True False   13.Positive feedback helps to restore normal function when one of the body's physiological variables gets out of balance. True False   14.Negative feedback is a self-amplifying chain of events that tend to produce rapid change in the body. True False   15.Anatomists over the world adhere to a lexicon of standard international terms, which stipulates both Latin names and accepted English equivalents. True False   ull file at http://testbankcart.eu/Test-Bank-for-Anatomy-and-Physiology-The-Unity-of-Form-and-Function-6th-Edition-by-Saladin  16.Feeling structures with your fingertips is called _________, whereas tapping on the body and listening for sounds of abnormalities is called ____________ A. palpation; auscultation.B. auscultation; percussion.C. percussion; auscultation.D. palpation; percussion.E. percussion; palpation.   17.___________________ was the first to publish accurate drawings of the body, and is thus regarded as the father of modern anatomy. A. VesaliusB. MaimonidesC. HarveyD. AristotleE. van Leeuwenhoek    18.________________ wrote the most influential medical textbook of the ancient era. A. HippocratesB. AristotleC. GalenD. VesaliusE. Avicenna   19.Which of these is the best imaging technique for routinely examining the anatomical development of a fetus? A. auscultationB. PET scanC. MRID. sonographyE. radiography   20.The terms physics, physiology, and physician come from a term that ___ proposed to distinguish natural causes from supernatural causes. A. HippocratesB. PlatoC. SchwannD. AristotleE. Avicenna   21.The process of using numerous observations to develop general principles and predictions about a specific subject is called A. experimental design.B. deductive method.C. inductive method.D. hypothesis.E. statistical testing.   22.Most people think that ulcers are caused by psychological stress. It was discovered that an acid-resistant bacterium,  Heliobacter pylori , lives in the lining of the stomach. If these bacteria cause ulcers, then treatment with an antibiotic should reduce ulcers. This line of investigation is an example of A. hypothetical reasoning.B. hypothetico-deductive reasoning.C. the inductive method.D. experimental design.E. statistical analysis.   ull file at http://testbankcart.eu/Test-Bank-for-Anatomy-and-Physiology-The-Unity-of-Form-and-Function-6th-Edition-by-Saladin  23.An educated speculation or a possible answer to a question is called a(n) A. scientific method. B. theory. C. law. D. hypothesis. E. fact. 24.The use of controls and statistical testing are two aspects of experimental design that help to ensure A. an adequate sample size. B. objective and reliable results. C. experimental bias. D. psychosomatic effects. E. treatment groups. 25.______________ is a process that submits a scientist's ideas to the critical judgment of other specialists in the field before the research is funded or published. A. AdjudicationB. Statistical testingC. FalsificationD. Peer reviewE. Hypothetico-deductive testing   26.Which of the following would contain the greatest amount of information that scientists consider to be true to the best of their knowledge? A. a factB. a law of natureC. a hypothesisD. an equationE. a theory   27.The study of structure and function of cells is called A. cytology.B. gross anatomy.C. exploratory physiology.D. comparative physiology.E. radiology.   28.________________ established a code of ethics for physicians. He is considered the father of medicine. A. Aristotle B. Hippocrates C. Galen D. Vesalius E. Hooke 29.A new drug apparently increases short-term memory. Students were divided randomly into two groups at the beginning of the semester. One group was given the memory pill once a day for the semester, and the other group was given a same-looking pill, but it was just sugar. The sugar pill is termed a(n) A. controlled pill. B. placebo. C. treatment pill. D. variable. E. effective dose. ull file at http://testbankcart.eu/Test-Bank-for-Anatomy-and-Physiology-The-Unity-of-Form-and-Function-6th-Edition-by-Saladin  30.Two groups of people were tested to determine whether garlic lowers blood cholesterol levels. One group was given 800 mg of garlic powder daily for four months and exhibited an average 12% reduction in the blood cholesterol. The other group was not given any garlic and after four months averaged a 3% reduction in cholesterol. The group that was not given the garlic was the A. peer group. B. test group. C. treatment group. D. control group. E. double-blind group. 31.A change in the genetic composition of a population over time is called A. mutation. B. natural selection. C. selection pressure. D. evolution. E. adaptation. 32.The constant appearance of new strains of influenza virus is an example of A. a model. B. evolution. C. selection pressure. D. survivorship. E. success. 33.The principal theory of how evolution works is called A. natural pressure. B. selective pressure. C. darwinian pressure. D. natural adaptation. E. natural selection. 34.Which of the following was an adaptation evolved in connection with human upright walking? A. hair B. thumbs fully opposable C. stereoscopic vision D. color vision E. spinal and pelvic anatomy 35.Stereoscopic vision provides A. opposable perception. B. color perception. C. depth perception. D. bipedalism. E. walking upright. 36.Humans are born before their nervous system have matured, which is traceable to A. their inability to regulate body temperature. B. skeletal adaptations to bipedalism. C. the arboreal habits of early primates. D. the conditions of modern civilization. E. the diet of early species of Homo. 37.Our own species is called A.  Homo erectus . B.  Homo sapiens . C.  Homo habilis . D. early  Homo . E.  Australopithecus . ull file at http://testbankcart.eu/Test-Bank-for-Anatomy-and-Physiology-The-Unity-of-Form-and-Function-6th-Edition-by-Saladin
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