Road Accidents: The Lived Experiences of Motorcycle Users | Traffic Collision | Road Traffic Safety

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This study is about the lived experiences of motorcycle users involved in road accidents and continue to use motorcycle.
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  ]kod | ; Uckg Kaahgdnts6 Wld Ihvdg Dxpdrhdnads cj @ctcrayaid Tsdrs Ekuthstk, E.,(;) Dgukrtd, I.,(5) Dvkrhstc, U.,(1) dt ki.  KEQWUKAW  Wlhs stugy hs kecut tld ihvdg dxpdrhdnads cj `ctcrayaid usdrs hnvcivdg hn rckg kaahgdnts. Wld stugy kh`s tc gdtdr`hnd tld rdkscns wly `ctcrayaid usdrs acnthnucusiy usdg `ctcrayaid, hn sphtd rckg kaahgdnts. Wld stugy d`picys qukihtkthvd `dtlcg cj rdsdkral uthihzhno hn-gdptl hntdrvhdw. Arhtdrhk krd sdt tc qukihjy Bdy Hnjcr`knts (BH) kng Jcausdg Orcup Ghsausshcn (JOG) pkrthahpknts. Jhnghnos rdvdkis tlkt `ctcrayaid usdrs prdjdr tc euy `ctcrayaid edakusd cj hts kjjcrgkehihty, acnvdnhdnad kng `cehihty2 Ac``cn rdkscns wly `ctcrayaid usdrs krd hnvcivdg hn rckg kaahgdnts krd tld ikab cj bncwidgod kng jcr`ki trkhnhno2 Ikab cj ghsahpihnd kng hnkgdquktd bncwidgod cn rckg shons kng trkjjha ruids. ]krthahpknts kisc aikh` tlkt tldy wdrd ungdr tld hnjiudnad cj kiaclci wldn tldy dxpdrhdnad rckg kaahgdnt2 k jdw dxpdrhdnadg trku`ks eut dvdntukiiy acnthnud tc grhvd `ctcrayaid. Wld rdsdkraldr‘s rdac``dngs tc tld Ikng Wrknspcrtkthcn Cjjhad (IWC), kn hnard`dnt cn tld dxhsthno pdnkithds h`pcsd tc vhciktcrs. Ihbdwhsd ht hs rdac``dngdg tc lkvd trkjjha dnjcradrs vhsheid kt tld `khn rckgs kng lholwkys kng strhat h`pid`dntkthcn cj trkjjha ruids kng rdouikthcns. Udsdkraldrs strcnoiy rdac``dng tlkt edjcrd Ikng Wrknspcrtkthcn Cjjhad (IWC) whii hssud k stugdnt ihadnsd, kppihaknt `ust ungdroc k `kngktcry sd`hnkrs kng trkhnhnos cn rckg skjdty kng trkjjha ruids. @ctcrayaid sdiidrs slcuig kisc prcvhgd sh`hikr trkhnhno tc pctdnthki euydrs. @crdcvdr, tld rdsdkraldr rdac``dngs acnguathno `crd stughds jcr tld prcpdr gdshonkthcn cj    “`ctcrayaid iknd‘ cn tld  nkthcnki rckgs kng lholwkys.   Bdywcrgs6 @ctcrayaid, @ctcrayaid Tsdrs, Uckg Kaahgdnts, @ctcrayaid Kaahgdnts  ]kod | 5 Hntrcguathcn  _d krd kii surrcungdg ey `cgdrn vdlhaids tlkt kjjdat cur gkhiy ihvhno. Wldsd tlhnos wdrd `kgd jcr tld h`prcvd`dnt cj cur ihvds kng `kbd us gc idss wlhid tld cutput hs lholdr. @cgdrnhzkthcns cj tdalncicoy hn trknspcrtkthcn lkvd kisc `kgd k ordkt h`pkat hn lhstcry cj acnvdyknad. Wrknspcrtkthcn hs tld `cvd`dnt cj pdcpid kng occgs jrc` cnd pikad tc knctldr, wldtldr hn sdk, khr kng ikng. K ict cj trknspcrtkthcn lkvd eddn hnvdntdg kng hntrcguad tc prcvhgd tld `cst sujjhahdnt kng djjhahdnt `dkns cj trknspcrtkthcn tc tld pdcpid. Hn tld ]lhihpphnds, fddpndys, eusds, @UW, IUW, TZ Dxprdss kng trhayaids krd tld `cst ac``cn bhngs cj k trknspcrt vdlhaid. Acnsu`drs iccb jcr k bhng cj vdlhaid tlkt whii rdguad tldhr dxpdnsds hn trknspcrtkthcn. Cnd cj tld vdlhaids tlkt akn knswdr tldhr prceid` hs k `ctcrayaid. K `ctcrayaid hs k twc-wlddidg vdlhaid tlkt akn akrry twc tc tlrdd pdrscns hnaiughno tld grhvdr. @ctcrayaids krd `cstiy usdg ey tld Jhihphncs edakusd cj hts kjjcrgkehihty. K pdrscn whtl kn kvdrkod hnac`d akn kjjcrg, shnad ht hs icw hn prhad ac`pkrdg tc ctldr vdlhaids. Ht akn kisc trknspcrts k pdrscn hn tld idkst cj th`d tlkt hs wly `ctcrayaids edak`d pcpuikr jcr `kny Jhihphncs wlc nddgs k jkst, djjhahdnt eut hndxpdnshvd trknspcrt `kalhnd. Kaacrghno tc tld rdacrg cj Ikng Wrknspcrtkthcn Cjjhad (5=;7), tld `cst prc`hndnt usdrs cj `ctcrayaid krd hn NAU, lkvhno k 41?,;:= rdohstdrdg `ctcrayaid. Jurtldr`crd, `ctcrayaid lks tld lholdst nu`edr cj usdrs ac`pkrdg tc ctldr vdlhaids, kng jciicwdg ey akrs lkvhno k 184,?<5 rdohstdrdg akr. Qk`d rdacrg jrc` Ikng Wrknspcrtkthcn Cjjhad (IWC) hnghaktds tld nu`edr cj `ctcrayaid usdrs kisc hnardksd, jrc` 5=;5, ;<<,=:5, cn 5=;1, ;8?,5?4 tc 578,44; rdohstdrdg `ctcrayaids cn 5=;7. Gdsphtd cj tld `kny edndjhts ercuolt ey `ctcrayaid tc `ctcrhsts wlhal rdsuit tc rkphg orcwtl cj pdcpid ushno `ctcrayaid, ht acnshgdrdg rhsbhdr kng `crd prcnd tc kaahgdnt edakusd cj edhno dxpcsdg ey grhvdrs kng pkssdnodr/s tc twhad ks `ual tld rhsb ac`pkrdg tc ctldr trknspcrt vdlhaid tlkt idkgs tc kaahgdnt tlkt akusds hnfurhds, gk`kods tc prcpdrty kng dvdntukiiy gdktl. Eksdg cn tld rdacrg jrc` @dtrc @knhik Kaahgdnt Udacrghno Knkiyshs Qystd` (@@KUKQ), tldrd hs kn hnardksd hn nu`edr cj rckg kaahgdnts hnvcivhno `ctcrayaid jrc` ydkr 5==8 tc 5=;7. Wld ocvdrn`dnt kng ctldr acnadrndg sdatcrs h`pid`dntdg pcihahds hn crgdr tc `hnh`hzd tld vciu`d cj `ctcrayaids hnvcivd hn rckg kaahgdnts wlhal hs ks cj ncw acnthnucusiy cpdrkthno. Wld Udpueiha Kat 7;1:, Ikng Wrknspcrtkthcn kng Wrkjjha Acgd, tlhs ikw acntrcis tld rdohstrkthcn kng cpdrkthcn cj `ctcr vdlhaid tc ih`ht tld pdcpid wlc grhvds cn tld rckg kng cniy ohvd ihadnsd tc tld pdrscns wlc krd wcrtly tc ohvd cppcrtunhty tc grhvd vdlhaid cn tld rckg. Wld Udpueiha Kat ;==47, @ctcrayaid Ldi`dt Kat cj 5==8, tlhs ikw rdquhrds kii `ctcrayaid usdrs tc wdkr stkngkrg prctdathvd ldi`dt wlhid grhvhno k `ctcrayaid. Ctldr ikws krd tld Qdnktd Ehii 57<< kng Lcusd Ehii 77:5 wlhal prclhehts tld alhigrdn tc rhgd tld `ctcrayaids, tld kpprcvdg `dksurd prclhehts kny pdrscn tc grhvd `ctcrayaid whtl k alhig cn eckrg  ]kod | 1 cn pueiha rckgs wldrd tldrd hs ldkvy vciu`d cj vdlhaids, lhol gdnshty cj jkst `cvhno vdlhaids cr wldrd k spddg ih`ht cj `crd tlkn := bhic`dtdrs pdr lcur hs h`pcsdg. K alhigrdn wlc akn wrkp tldhr kr`s cn tld grhvdr kng tldhr jddt rdkalds tld stdp bnct tlkt suppcrts tld jddt, krd tld cniy dihoheid hn rhghno k `ctcrayaid. Kisc tld h`pid`dntkthcn cj @ctcrayaid Iknd ]cihay ey @dtrc @knhik Gdvdicp`dnt Kutlcrhty (@@GK) cn sc`d krdk tlkt hs prcnd hn rckg kaahgdnts `cst ihbdiy hn [udzcn Ahty. Kitlcuol `kny prcvhshcns kng pcihahds krd h`pid`dntdg hn crgdr tc kvchg `ctcrayaid kaahgdnts, sthii k acnthnucus nu`edr cj rdiktdg kaahgdnts krd rdacrgdg. Wldrd krd sthii `ctcrayaid usdrs wlc krd stkonknt hn ushno `ctcrayaid dvdn tlcuol tldy tld`sdivds lkvd kirdkgy dxpdrhdnadg k rckg kaahgdnt. Wld purpcsd cj tlhs stugy hs tc bncw tld rdkscns cj tldsd pdcpid tlkt acnthnud tc usd `ctcrayaid dvdn kjtdr tldy dxpdrhdnad rckg kaahgdnts. Wldcrdthaki Jrk`dwcrb @ctcrayaid lks eddn k trdng hn tld ikst jhvd ydkrs. Wld nu`edr cj `ctcrayaid usdrs hnardksds acnthnucusiy ks hj tldrd wks nc gknodr hn ushno ht. Lcwdvdr, ks tld nu`edr cj `ctcrayaid usdrs hnardksds, tld nu`edr cj `ctcrayaid usdrs tlkt lks eddn hnvcivdg hn kaahgdnts hs kisc hnardksds. K tldcry dnthtidg ‘]rcspdat Wldcry‘ ey Gknhdi Bklnd`kn kng K`cs Wvdrsby (;8?8), stktds tlkt pdcpid vkiud okhns ghjjdrdntiy jrc` icssds kng, ks sual, whii eksd gdahshcns cn pdradhvdg okhns rktldr tlkn pdradhvdg icssds. Wlus, hj k pdrscn wdrd ohvdn twc dquki alchads, cnd dxprdssdg hn tdr`s cj pcssheid okhns kng tld ctldr hn pcssheid icssds, pdcpid wcuig alccsd tld jcr`dr. Qtktdg ghjjdrdntiy, pdcpid `kbd gdahshcn cn wlkt tldy `holt whn rktldr tlkn wlkt tldy `holt icsd. Ht wks hn ;8?8 wldn Gknhdi Bklnd`kn kicno whtl lhs aciidkoud, tld iktd psyalcicohst K`cs Wvdrsby gdihvdrdg k pkpdr hn Dacnc`dtrhak ey tld nk`d ’]rcspdat Wldcry6 Kn Knkiyshs cj Gdahshcn ungdr Uhsb‐ , a k`d up whtl tld acnadpt cj ]rcspdat Wldcry kisc akiidg ks ’Icss - kvdrshcn tldcry‐.   Hn prcspdat tldcry, icss kvdrshcn rdjdrs tc tld tdngdnay jcr pdcpid tc strcnoiy prdjdr alccshno okhn tlkn icssds. Ht suoodsts pdcpid dxprdss k ghjjdrdnt gdordd cj d`cthcn tcwkrgs okhns tlkn tcwkrg icssds. Hnghvhgukis krd `crd strdssdg ey prcspdathvd icssds tlkn tldy krd lkppy jrc` dquki okhns.‐  Wld tldcry prcpcsdg tlkt tld cutac`d cj tld gdahshcn hs eksdg cn tld pdradhvdg okhns tlkn hts pdradhvdg icssds. Hn rdokrg tc lhs stugy, tld `ctcrayaid usdrs wlc lkg eddn dxpdrhdnad `ctcrayaid kaahgdnt alccsd tc usd cr rhgd kokhn k `ctcrayaid edakusd cj tld kgvkntkods tldy oct hn ushno ht. Wldy acnthnucusiy ushno `ctcrayaid ks `dkns cj trknspcrtkthcn rktldr tlkn tc stcp kjtdr tld tdrrheid dxpdrhdnad tldy oct hn `ctcrayaid kaahgdnt. Wldy eihngiy honcrhno tld rhsb kng jcaushno cn tld okhns kng kgvkntkods hn ushno `ctcrayaid edakusd cj dsakikthno trknspcrtkthcn jkrd kng acst cj ihvhno dxpdnsds cj dvdry jk`hiy wlhal rkphgiy hnardkshno. Acnadptuki Jrk`dwcrb  ]kod | 7 Kaacrghno tc tld ]rcspdat tldcry kn hnghvhguki `ky ghsrdokrg tld rhsb cr icsds cn tldhr gdahshcn kng jcaus cniy cn tld kgvkntkods cr okhns. Kssu`ds tlkt `ctcrayaid usdrs krd bncwidgodkeid kng gcds lkvd kn hgdk cn tld rhsb tldy‘rd jkahno wldn ushno k `ctcrayaid kng tld kgvkntkods, tld edndjhts kng tld okhns tlkt tldy odt hn ushno `ctcrayaid. Wld gdpdngdnt vkrhkeids hn tld stugy krd6 (;) Kgvkntkods hn ushno k `ctcrayaid2 (5) Uhsb hn ushno `ctcrayaid. (1)Lcw k `ctcrayaid usdr vkiuds rhsbs kng kgvkntkods2 kng tld (7) Cutac`ds cr tld gdahshcn tldy `kgd krd tld hngdpdngdnt vkrhkeids. Wldsd vkrhkeids akn ed `dksurd ey ksbhno sd`h-struaturdg qudsthcn tc tld suefdats cj tld stugy. Wld rdikthcnslhp cj lcw `ctcrayaid usdrs vkiud kgvkntkods kng rhsbs kjjdats tld cutac`ds cr tld gdahshcn tldy `kgd, ushno kokhn2 ghsacnthnud tld usd, kjtdr dxpdrhdnahno k rckg kaahgdnt. @crdcvdr, tld rdikthcnslhp cj ctldr vkrhkeids tc knctldr wks jurtldr dxpicrdg. Udsdkral Gdshon Wlhs stugy usds [ukihtkthvd Kpprckal. [ukihtkthvd rdsdkral hs k systd`ktha sahdnthjha hnquhry wlhal sddbs tc euhig k lcihstha, ikrodiy nkrrkthvd, gdsarhpthcn tc hnjcr` tld rdsdkraldr‘s ungdrstknghno cj k scahki cr auiturki pldnc`dncn (Kstkihn, 5=;7). @[email protected] kng Qalu`kaldr (;881) gdjhnd tld qukihtkthvd rdsdkral ks, ’prh`krhiy kn hnguathvd prcadss cj croknhzhno gktk hntc aktdocrhds kng hgdnthjyhno pkttdrns (rdikthcnslhps) k`cno aktdocrhds.‐  Hn tlhs stugy, tld rdsdkraldrs usd ]ldnc`dncicoy. Ht hs gdjhndg ks k strktdoy rdsdkral cj sdkralhno tld acrd cj tld lu`kn dxpdrhdnads tlkt tld rdsdkraldrs whii try tc jhng, whtl rdokrg tc k pldnc`dncn ks gdsarhedg ey tld pkrthahpknts. Wld cefdathvd pldnc`dncicohaki kpprckal tc qukihtkthvd rdsdkral hs tc gdphat tld dxkat kng adrtkhn ihvdg dxpdrhdnads cj pdcpid kng nc tc ardktd eksdidss tldcrhds cr `cgdis cj pldnc`dncn edhno stughdg (Ardswdii, 5==8). Gdsarhpthvd Udsdkral gdshon wks kisc usdg hn tlhs stugy. Ht hs k `dtlcg cj jkat jhnghno stugy whtl kaaurktd hntdrprdtkthcn cj tld gktk. Wlhs `dtlcg whii ed usdg ey tld rdsdkraldrs tc hntdrprdt tld hnjcr`kthcn jrc` tld pkrthahpknts. Ht hs `khniy jcausdg cn aciidathno kng knkiyzhno tld jhnghnos eksdg cn tld ihvdg dxpdrhdnads cj tld pkrthahpknts. Ht hs kisc d`plkshzds wlkt katukiiy dxhst sual ks tld aurrdnt shtukthcn, prkathads, lkppdnhnos, cr kny sh`hikr pldnc`dnk (@krvdi & @dngdi, 5=;=). Qacpd kng Gdih`htkthcn Wld pkrthahpknts cj tlhs stugy wdrd jrc` tld vhahnhty cj [udzcn Ahty, ]lhihpphnds. Wldy wdrd `ctcrayaid usdrs wlc dxpdrhdnadg rckg kaahgdnt kng acnthnuhno tld usd cj `ctcrayaid whtl 1 ydkrs cr `crd, dxpdrhdnad hn grhvhno k `ctcrayaid. Wld stugy acntkhns sdvdntddn (;?) qukihjhdg pkrthahpknts, 7 pkrthahpknts hn Bdy Hnjcr`knts kng ;1 pkrthahpknts hn Jcaus Orcup Ghsausshcn. Wld pkrthahpknts hn tld Jcaus Orcup Ghsausshcn wdrd aiustdrdg hntc tlrdd (1) orcups, wlhal wdrd Aiustdrs K, E & A. Wld rdsdkraldr aiustdrdg tld Jcaus Orcup Ghsausshcn
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