SAP How-To Guide: Develop a Custom Master Data Object in SAP MDG (Master Data Governance) - PDF

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SAP How-To Guide: Develop a Custom Master Data Object in SAP MDG (Master Data Governance) Applies to: SAP Master Data Governance running on SAP ERP 6 EhP 6 Master Data Governance. The Guide can also be
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SAP How-To Guide: Develop a Custom Master Data Object in SAP MDG (Master Data Governance) Applies to: SAP Master Data Governance running on SAP ERP 6 EhP 6 Master Data Governance. The Guide can also be used within EhP5 with some restrictions mentioned in the guide. For more information, visit the Master Data Management homepage. Summary Many companies want to manage custom objects in a central Master data system to be able to harmonize this information across the landscape. Custom objects can be individual defined objects such as assets or locations. Custom objects are typically less complex master data object with a small and simple data model. They are often used as reference data in major objects such as material, suppliers and customers. This How-To Guide describes the necessary steps to implement a custom object in SAP MDG. The guide is based on an object called Location and includes the following steps during the implementation phase: - Create a new Data Model - Define a new Business Object and Activity - Create a custom User Interface - Process Modeling - Test of the custom object The audience of this document can be customers, technology consultants and architects. Author: Steffen Ulmer Company: SAP AG Created on: June 22, 2012 Version: 1.1 Author Bio Steffen Ulmer is a SAP Principal Consultant who works at SAP (Schweiz) AG. In this role he has been a trusted advisor for several large enterprises on topics and product like: SAP NetWeaver Master Data Management, SAP BPM/BRM, SAP Business Object Information Steward, Web Dynpro Java development and SAP NetWeaver Portal. Presently he is working within the SAP MDG Product Management Team on a study for cross system workflow monitoring and visualization SAP AG 1 Table of Contents Introduction... 3 Prerequisites... 3 Scenario... 3 High Level Requirements... 4 Data Model... 4 Governance process... 4 Implementation... 4 Definition of the Data Model, Business Object and Business Activity... 5 Create new data model... 5 Define Business Object... 7 Create Business Activity... 8 Create User Interface... 9 Definition of Change Request Type & Workflow assignment Run and Test the MDG Custom Object Additional Information View generated Data Model Display data in staging table Delete a Data Model Appendix Create a new data model in View Cluster of MDGIMG Related Content Copyright SAP AG 2 Introduction SAP Master Data Governance is a Master Data Management solution within the Business Suite and is integrated into the ABAP Application Server of SAP. I already wrote several articles and How-To Guides in the SAP NetWeaver MDM space on the topics Governance Process in MDM or How.To configure customer specific data model and corresponding processes. You can see a list of these articles and blogs in my SDN profile. I really think that lots of you will have similar requirements in a MDG based environments and lots of you want to develop custom objects and processes which are not (and cannot be) delivered within the standard content. This document will describe how to develop a custom object in SAP MDG. It will show you in some very basic steps what you have to do to Get your own data model into the system, Configure your own User Interface with the FPM (Floor Plan Manager), Reuse a preconfigured Business Workflow within your own Change Request Type and finally How to test your new custom object. It s planned to release more of these MDG How-To guides and this article can be seen as the starting point or basic documentation. In following documents topics like Configure individual UIs per workflow steps and Build a custom Search & Display UI will be explained on top of the process which is developed in this guide. Prerequisites For this How-To Guide you should have access to a Sandbox of your MDG Hub Application Server with appropriate access rights. You need access to the MDG-Hub client and to the client in which you do the cross system configurations. The ERP System must run on EhP (Enhancement Package) 6. You need some basic understanding in: Scenario SAP MDG SAP Business Workflow SAP Floorplan Manager (FPM) Let`s assume that you have already successfully implemented the SAP MDG standard objects such as Material, Suppliers, Financials and Customers. You are replicating this data to several ERP and None ERP System for the usage within transactional matters. Your business department is generally happy with the solution but they have an issue with some of the reference data. Reference data is information which is used within master data objects itself or in transactions or programs as supporting information. In SAP NetWeaver MDM such data is typically stored in lookup tables. An example of such reference data is - the list of plants which is used to assign a material or products to a physical facility, or - the list of countries which is used within many transactions and referenced in many data models. Your business users identified that these lists of valid reference data is not harmonized within the landscape. This gap causes issues regarding data quality which ends up in inefficient business processes. A concrete example is the information object location which is a valid list of geographical places where the company can have plants, unloading points or just generally assets SAP AG 3 High Level Requirements The business requests the following: 1. A central system in which the valid list of values for locations is managed, 2. A governance process to be able to carefully add or change location objects and 3. A web based application to enter and govern the data in a User Interface. Data Model The data model of the object location includes: - Unique ID - Name of the location - Country - City - ZIP Code - Street (incl. House Number) - Description The Unique ID and the Name are mandatory fields and must be entered. Governance process The governance process is as well simple and includes only a 3-Step approval. The following graphic explains the governance process on high level: Requestor: Enter location data Data Steward: Review & Enrich location data Approver: Review & Approve Implementation This implementation process consists of the following main points: 1. Definition of the Data Model, Business Object and Business Activity 2. Creation of the User Interface 3. Definition of Change Request Type & Workflow assignment Data Modeling in MDG is fundamentally different to what you might know from SAP NetWeaver MDM because MDG is built with ABAP technology and hence you can reuse all the data structures which are already defined in your Data Dictionary. Of course you can also define new elements in case you need to do so. If you want to compare a MDG Data Model with a NetWeaver MDM Model, you can say that: A MDG Data Model is like a repository in NW MDM. Please notice that in MDG a Data Model is more like a namespace and you can create as much Entities as you want within one data model. For instance you can create one data model which includes more than 20 Entity Type of Type 1 or others. You do not have to create multiple data models. A MDG Entity Type is like a table in NW MDM o SU Type 1 is like a Main table 2012 SAP AG 4 o SU Types 4 are dependent Entities on Type 1 as you might know it from a UML composition. You can only maintain data in the context of a type 1 entity. o Relationships are really relationships between data base tables. MDG Entity Type Attributes are like fields of a table in NW MDM. Most of the settings in this guide are done in the MDGIMG transaction which is the central entry point for the configurations in MDG. Definition of the Data Model, Business Object and Business Activity This guide is showing EhP6 functionality. It uses the newly introduced Configuration Workbench. You can do the same configurations in the View Cluster which is accessible through the MDGIMG transaction. If you use the View Cluster you can do the same in a EhP5 environment. Create new data model 1. Start SAP GUI and login into cross system client 2. Start transaction MDGIMG 3. Start Configuration Workbench Attention: In EhP5 no Configuration Workbench is available. You should use the View Cluster functionality in Data Modeling to do the data modeling. 4. Click on to create a new data model * Please check the appendix Create a new data model in View Cluster of MDGIMG, If you want to create a new data model in the View Cluster 2012 SAP AG 5 5. Enter Data Model and Description. Choose a data model of the customer namespace (e.g. ZK). Please remember this code since it will be used almost all the time within this guide. Leave the Reuse Active Area empty. Click on Save 6. If not already done: Go to Edit Mode 7. In this example we will only model one Entity Type. Click on NEW and enter the 3 values: Entity Type SU Type Data Element SU Type 1 is for this main object type The Data Element ORTID is an element which already exists in the Data Dictionary and which fits well to the requirements. (se11) Data Element on this level should be maintained and is the KEY field of this table 8. Define new attributes like columns of the table. Typically reference to existing data dictionary entries Click on Tab Attributes and use the New button to create the attributes. The attribute Data Element type can be checked in Data Dictionary 9. Save and activate Data Model 2012 SAP AG 6 Define Business Object This step is still in the cross system client. Start Define Business 1. Objects 2. New Entries & Enter the Name for your Business Object ZK_BO1 3. Save 2012 SAP AG 7 Create Business Activity This step is still in the cross system client. Start Create Business 1. Activity 2. New Entries & Enter the Name for your Business Activity 3. Save 2012 SAP AG 8 Create User Interface This step is still in the cross system client. In this step you will create a User Interface for the newly created Data Model. No coding is necessary for this step. You will use the SAP Floorplan Manager to configure a Web Dynpro ABAP UI on top of your Data Model. This basic How-To Guide will only cover the configuration of a simple UI. Start Edit UI Configuration 1. from the MDGIMG. The application will open in an Internet Browser Window. 2. Click on Create to start the configuration An additional pop up will appear 3. Change Target Configuration ID: Change Target Configuration ID to a custom name as described on the screenshot 4. Click on Start Deep-Copy button 5. Save as local object In this How-To guide the object is saved as a local object. The System will now copy the template as the new application 2012 SAP AG 9 6. After success: Open the configuration screen for the outer application by clicking on the link in the column Target Configuration ID A pop up will appear 7. Switch to Edit Mode and Enter USMD Model: Click on Edit and then do the following changes: Enter the USMD Model Inspect the other setting while leaving them on the default setting 8. Click on Save on the upper left hand side 9. Open the OIF Component 2012 SAP AG 10 10. The system will display a screen like the following one 11. Click on the left hand side: NavigationNewVariant 12. Delete old variants: The wizard has created 2 Variants by default: You should delete these two variants 13. Confirm the deletion 2012 SAP AG 11 14. Open UIBB 15. Enter a name for the Component like ZK_Config_01. The system will inform you that this component does not yet exists Attention: In EHP5 you must not use the component FPM_FORM_UIBB_GL2. You should use FPM_FORM_UIBB instead. 16. Delete old UBB 17. Select a Form Component 2012 SAP AG 12 18. Save The error message is expected. You will create the configuration in the next steps 19. Configure UBB 20. In popup click on new 21. Enter a description and add to LOCAL OBJECT Click on OK on pop up 22. Enable Attribute viewing 2012 SAP AG 13 23. Scroll down and add a Element Group 24. Enter a name/ heading for the group and add a elements at Next Level within group 25. Select the attributes you want to see of Location 2012 SAP AG 14 26. Configure the UI Element as you want using Floor Plan Manager 27. SAVE & Back to IDR 28. Save 2012 SAP AG 15 Definition of Change Request Type & Workflow assignment This step is client specific: Please login into the corresponding MDG-Hub client. In this step you will do the process modeling for the new custom object. This How-To Guide uses a predefined workflow definition which is shipped with the MDG application itself. The workflow WS has the following setup. (High Level diagram) Enter/ Change Master Data Review/ Enrich Master Data Review and Approve Master Data (Read Only) End 1. Start MDGIMG and Create Change Request Type 2. Add new Entry & Enter Details as mentioned 3. Create Entity Types Select the new entry and double click on Entity Types Enter the value LOCATION Enter the value 2012 SAP AG 16 ZO_SU_APPL as the Configuration Name Leave STANDARD as the Message Output 4. Enter Business Actity Double click the Business Activities Enter ZKBA from the previous step 5. Save, you will get the following warning 2012 SAP AG 17 6. Assign Processor to workflow: In this step you assign a single user to the workflow steps. You may enter your user to all the steps. Start the following view: Assign Processor to Change request Step (Simple Workflow) 7. Add a 4 new entry: Select button: New Entries You will enter your userid in the field Agent ID. You can also add organizations. 8. Save 2012 SAP AG 18 Run and Test the MDG Custom Object 1. Add a new Favorites entries to your SAP GUI: 2. Choose Web Dynpro Application 3. Enter the values as shown 4. Double Click on Item: The Application will be shown in a popup 2012 SAP AG 19 5. Choose Entity type and enter a new UniqueId for your location Choose the only CR-Type Click on Continue 6. Enter some example data in the next form. You can add Notes and attachments as well 7. Open Show My Change Request 8. Open the newly received task 9. Continue with the approval 2012 SAP AG 20 Additional Information View generated Data Model 1. View generated tables: Execute Report USMD_DATA_MODEL in se80 Enter Data Model 2. The generated tables are displayed SAP AG 21 Display data in staging table 1. Just double click on the Physical Name and you will get forwarded to the content 2. Alternative way: Display table entries: se16, enter technical table name 3. Execute 4. Inspect the result Delete a Data Model If you want to delete a Data model (and all dependent objects) you might do the following: 1. Act in the cross system client 2. MDGIMG General Settings Data Modeling Edit Data Model 3. Select the corresponding data model and delete the line. If this is not possible because of a active version: 4. Open SE80 and run USMD_DELETE_DATA_MODEL. This will delete the active version and all dependent objects (except UI Configurations) 5. Repeat Step3 6. Important: You must SAVE and EXIT the MDG IMG 2012 SAP AG 22 Appendix Create a new data model in View Cluster of MDGIMG 1. Start function Edit Data Model 2. Click on New Entries and create a new Data Model by entering a new Code and Description. Use for instance ZK 3. Save your data and go one level up in the navigation & 2012 SAP AG 23 Related Content Guide on SDN: How to Configure Data Replication for MDG Custom Objects (Flex Option) Master Data Management homepage 2012 SAP AG 24 Copyright Copyright 2012 SAP AG. All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or for any purpose without the express permission of SAP AG. The information contained herein may be changed without prior notice. Some software products marketed by SAP AG and its distributors contain proprietary software components of other software vendors. Microsoft, Windows, Excel, Outlook, and PowerPoint are registered trademarks of Microsoft Corporation. IBM, DB2, DB2 Universal Database, System i, System i5, System p, System p5, System x, System z, System z10, System z9, z10, z9, iseries, pseries, xseries, zseries, eserver, z/vm, z/os, i5/os, S/390, OS/390, OS/400, AS/400, S/390 Parallel Enterprise Server, PowerVM, Power Architecture, POWER6+, POWER6, POWER5+, POWER5, POWER, OpenPower, PowerPC, BatchPipes, BladeCenter, System Storage, GPFS, HACMP, RETAIN, DB2 Connect, RACF, Redbooks, OS/2, Parallel Sysplex, MVS/ESA, AIX, Intelligent Miner, WebSphere, Netfinity, Tivoli and Informix are trademarks or registered trademarks of IBM Corporation. Linux is the registered trademark of Linus Torvalds in the U.S. and other countries. Adobe, the Adobe logo, Acrobat, PostScript, and Reader are either trademarks or registered trademarks of Adobe Systems Incorporated in the United States and/or other countries. Oracle is a registered trademark of Oracle Corporation. UNIX, X/Open, OSF/1, and Motif are registered trademarks of the Open Group. Citrix, ICA, Program Neighborhood, MetaFrame, WinFrame, VideoFrame, and MultiWin are trademarks or registered trademarks of Citrix Systems, Inc. HTML, XML, XHTML and W3C are trademarks or registered trademarks of W3C, World Wide Web Consortium, Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Java is a registered trademark of Oracle Corporation. JavaScript is a registered trademark of Oracle Corporation, used under license for technology invented and implemented by Netscape. SAP, R/3, SAP NetWeaver, Duet, PartnerEdge, ByDesign, SAP Business ByDesign, and other SAP products and services mentioned herein as well as their respective logos are trademarks or registered trademarks of SAP AG in Germany and other countries. Business Objects and the Business Objects logo, BusinessObjects, Crystal Reports, Crystal Decisions, Web Intelligence, Xcelsius, and other Business Objects products and services mentioned herein as well as their respective logos are trademarks or registered trademarks of Business Objects S.A. in the United States and in other countries. Business Objects is an SAP company. All other product and service names mentioned are the trademarks of their respective companies. Data contained in this document serves informational purposes only. National product specifications may vary. These materials are subject to change without notice. These materials are provided by SAP AG and its affiliated companies ( SAP Group ) for informational purposes only, without representation or warranty of any kind, and SAP Group shall not be liable for errors or omissions with respect to the materials. The only warranties for SAP Group products and services are those that are set forth in the express warranty statements accompanying such products and services, if any. Nothing herein should be construed as constituting an additional warranty SAP AG 25
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